A few days ago the title of this post would be one of those “find the odd word out” puzzles. How can you build large L3 fabrics when you have to work with ToR switches with no L3 support, and you can’t connect more than 24 of them in a fabric? All that has changed with the announcement of VDX 8770 – a monster chassis switch – and new version of Brocade’s Network OS with layer-3 (IP) forwarding.
Starting with VDX 8770, it’s a chassis-based switch with either four or eight slots, with the chassis providing 4Tbps of bandwidth to each slot. Initial linecards include 48-port 10GE and 12-port 40GE modules (there's also a 48-port 1GE module, but that's so last year), for a total of 384 10GE modules per switch (equivalent to Arista’s high-end boxes and half of what you can squeeze into a Nexus 7018 with F2 linecards). The true difference between VDX 8770 and the other high-end switches lies in the forwarding tables: VDX 8770 supports up to 384K MAC addresses per linecard (Arista’s 7500 and Nexus F2 linecards support up to 16K MAC addresses) and more than 100K ARP entries (competitors: 16K).
If you’re going to build large fabrics running heavily virtualized workloads, you just might need that many forwarding entries ... unless you plan to deploy one of the MAC-over-IP solutions (VXLAN or NVGRE) over an IP-only fabric, in which case the core switches need to know nothing else but the MAC and ARP entries of the ToR switches.
I can’t tell you much about the layer-3 support in the new Network OS. Sanjib HomChaudhuri, Brocade’s director of product management, told me that the hardware of all VDX switches (including the ones launched two years ago) supports layer-3 forwarding, and that all of them will become L3 switches with the new Network OS. I’ll wait for the software documentation to be released before saying anything more.
However, there’s one very interesting feature Sanjib mentioned: up to four VDX switches can act as a single first-hop gateway (IP router), sharing the same IP and MAC address. Arista can do a similar trick with Virtual ARP (but not in a layer-2 fabric, because they don’t have a layer-2 fabric technology), and Cisco offers four-router GLBP in FabricPath (using four different MAC addresses, so it’s not a true load balancing solution). Once the new Network OS becomes available, Brocade’s VCS fabric will be the only solution where four core switches can truly load-share IP forwarding load.
Obviously every switch in the fabric can do L3 forwarding, but four of them can share the same MAC and IP address with the upcoming release of Network OS.
Four seems to be a magic number for Brocade. With the current Network OS, up to four switches in a fabric can terminate aggregated link (LAG, Port Channel) from an external device. Let’s see how we can use that to our advantage.
Imagine the network core built from four fully-populated 8-slot VDX 8770 switches. Leaving aside few ports for inter-switch links, you get around 380 edge-facing 40GE ports. Using Brocade's VDX 8770 as core switches and any Trident+-based ToR switch (example: Dell’s S4810, Cisco’s Nexus 3000 or Juniper’s QFX3500) and 3:1 oversubscription ratio (48 x 10GE edge ports and 4 x 40GE uplinks on each ToR switch), you can build a L2/L3 fabric with ~4500 10GE ports with L3 forwarding optimally distributed between the four core switches.
Obviously you could also use Brocade's VDX switches as ToR switches, but none of them has 40GE uplinks today.
You can connect 2250 dual-homed servers to those 4500 ports, but let’s make it 2000 because if you don’t believe in the infinite flexibility of the new VMware’s vMotion without shared storage you’d want to have some storage arrays connected to the fabric as well. With a 50:1 virtualization ratio that you can easily get with the RAM-heavy servers you can buy from most vendors these days, that’s around 100.000 VMs ... probably more than most data centers or VDI deployments will need in the next few weeks.
You’ll find fabric designs guidelines (including numerous L2- and L3-designs) in the upcoming Clos Fabrics Explained webinar (register now). If you need to know the forwarding table sizes of almost all data center switches available from nine major vendors (yes, I actually read all those data sheets), look no further than the update session of the Data Center Fabrics webinar. Both webinars are also available as part of the yearly subscription.