Building network automation solutions

9 module online course

Start now!

Category: web

Reload a router from VBScript or PERL with a HTTP (web) request

If you have HTTP enabled on your router, you can use it to automate router reloads through web requests. To enable HTTP on the router, use the following commands:
ip http server
ip http access-class 90
access-list 90 permit network-management-ip-address
The ip http access-class configuration command is vital - it limits the access to the web server on your router to well-defined IP addresses.

The Visual Basic script to reload the router is extremely simple (just save the following lines into a file called reload.vbs):
Const RouterIP = "10.0.0.1" ' replace with router's IP address
Const EnablePassword = "password" ' replace with enable password

Set WebRq = CreateObject("MSXML2.XMLHTTP")
WebRq.Open "GET","http://" & RouterIP & "/level/15/exec/reload/CR",false,"Username",EnablePassword
WebRq.Send
And here is the equivalent PERL code for the open source community:
use LWP::UserAgent;

$routerIP = "10.0.0.1";
$enablePwd = "password";

$ua = LWP::UserAgent->new;
$req = HTTP::Request->new(GET => "http://$routerIP/level/15/exec/reload/CR");
$req->authorization_basic('', $enablePwd);
print $ua->request($req)->as_string;
By default, the username specified in the web request is ignored by the router and the password has to be the enable password. Of course, if you change the authentication scheme on the router with the ip http authentication configuration command, you'd use proper username/password pair in the HTTP request.
add comment

Download Router Configuration to a Web Browser

If you have HTTP server enabled on your router (on by default in many IOS releases, enable with ip http server), you can download the current router configuration into your web browser simply by typing in the URL http://router/exec/show/running/full. To get the startup configuration, use http://router/exec/show/startup-config/CR.

Of course, you need to authenticate to the router. By default, you can use anything as the username and the enable-password as the password, but you also use local usernames or AAA authentication. To use local usernames, configure ip http authentication local and enter username and password with the username username privilege 15 password password configuration command.
see 4 comments

Use HTTP to Store Router Configurations on Web Server

It's been possible for a long time to use HTTP to download information from a web server to a router. In IOS release 12.3(2)T, integrated in 12.4 release, Cisco has introduced the ability to store local information (for example, router configurations) on a web server. To use this feature, configure the username and password giving you write access to the web server with:
ip http client username web-user
ip http client password secret-password
After the username and password have been configured, you can use copy running http: to copy router's configuration to a web server.
Note: on the web server, you have to configure the target virtual directory for write access (default: disabled) and allow file-system write access to the underlying physical directory for the target user.
Alternatively, you can specify the username and password in the URL using the copy running http://user:[email protected]/file syntax.
router#copy running http://student:[email protected]/router-config
Address or name of remote host [192.168.0.2]?
Destination filename [router]?
Storing http://student:[email protected]/router-config !!
4231 bytes copied in 0.864 secs (4897 bytes/sec)
router#
see 2 comments
Sidebar