DHCP response sets the default route

It makes perfect sense in hindsight, but I was nonetheless pleasantly surprised: when the router acting as a DHCP client (configured with the ip address dhcp interface configuration command) receives the DHCP reply packet containing the default gateway option (option #3), it installs a static default route toward that next-hop. Even better, the default route is installed with the administrative distance 254 (floating static route), making sure that the default route you've configured manually or the default route received via a routing protocol are not overwritten.

To add icing on the cake, starting with IOS release 12.3(8)T you can disable this behavior with the no ip dhcp client request router interface-configuration command.The following listing contains a sample debugging session documenting this behavior:

DHCP: Received a BOOTREP pkt
DHCP: Scan: Message type: DHCP Ack
DHCP: Scan: Server ID Option: 192.168.0.1 = C0A80001
DHCP: Scan: Lease Time: 86400
DHCP: Scan: Renewal time: 43200
DHCP: Scan: Rebind time: 75600
DHCP: Scan: Host Name: r4.company.com.
DHCP: Scan: Subnet Address Option: 255.255.255.240
DHCP: Scan: Router Option: 192.168.0.1

... deleted ...

DHCP: Server ID Option: 192.168.0.1
DHCP Host Name Option: r4.company.com.
DHCP: Releasing ipl options:
DHCP: Applying DHCP options:
Setting default_gateway to 192.168.0.1
Adding default route 192.168.0.1
Allocated IP address = 192.168.0.6 255.255.255.240

%DHCP-6-ADDRESS_ASSIGN: Interface FastEthernet0/0 assigned DHCP address 192.168.0.6, mask 255.255.255.240, hostname r4

r4#show ip route 0.0.0.0
Routing entry for 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0, supernet
Known via "static", distance 254, metric 0, candidate default path
Routing Descriptor Blocks:
* 192.168.0.1
Route metric is 0, traffic share count is 1

2 comments:

  1. Is there any way to change the metric on a dhcp assigned route?

    ReplyDelete
  2. To fix the metric do this on the interface that the dhcp assignment is coming from:
    interface Vlan2
    ip dhcp client default-router distance 200

    ReplyDelete

You don't have to log in to post a comment, but please do provide your real name/URL. Anonymous comments might get deleted.

Ivan Pepelnjak, CCIE#1354, is the chief technology advisor for NIL Data Communications. He has been designing and implementing large-scale data communications networks as well as teaching and writing books about advanced technologies since 1990. See his full profile, contact him or follow @ioshints on Twitter.