Imagine you’d actually want to run VXLAN between two data centers (I wouldn’t but that’s beyond the point at this moment) and the only connectivity between the two is IP, no multicast. How would you implement IP multicast across a generic IP backbone? Anything goes, from duct tape (GRE) to creative solutions ... and don’t forget those pesky RPF checks.
Ivan Pepelnjak, CCIE#1354, is the chief technology advisor for NIL Data Communications. He has been designing and implementing large-scale data communications networks as well as teaching and writing books about advanced technologies since 1990. See his full profile, contact him or follow @ioshints on Twitter.